- 15 Cool Facts About BMW’s History
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- 15 Cool Facts About BMW's History | Car Bibles
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The history of the name itself begins with Rapp Motorenwerke, an aircraft engine manufacturer which was established in by Karl Rapp. A site near the Oberwiesenfeld was chosen because it was close to Bayerische Flugzeugwerke then called Otto Flugmaschinenfabrik , with whom he had contracts to supply his four-cylinder aircraft engines. The IIIa engine was known for good fuel economy and high-altitude performance. The large orders received from the Reichswehr for the BMW IIIa engine were overwhelming for the small company, however government officials in the relevant ministries were able to give BMW extensive practical support for the rapid expansion  and funding to build a new factory near BMW's existing workshops.
The German Empire did not, however, wish to go on supporting BMW with loans and guarantees, and therefore urged the flotation of a public limited company. The name-change to Bayerische Motoren Werke compelled management to devise a new logo for the company, therefore the famous BMW trademark is designed and patented at this time. However, they remained true to the imagery of the previous Rapp Motorenwerke emblem. By analogy with this, the blue and white panels of the Bavarian national flag were placed at the center of the BMW logo.
Not until the late s was the logo lent a new interpretation as representing a rotating propeller. BMW's corporate history considers the founding date of Bayerische Flugzeugwerke 7 March to be the birth of the company. BMW's headquarters have been at that location ever since. With German rearmament in the s, the company again began producing aircraft engines for the Luftwaffe. A new factory at Allach, outside Munich, began production of aircraft engines later that year. To enable this massive production effort, forced labor was utilized, consisting primarily of prisoners from concentration camps such as Dachau.
BMW 's motorcycle history began in when the company commenced manufacturing engines for other companies. Production of motorcycles with flat-twin engines continues to this day, however BMW has also produced many models with other types of engine.
15 Cool Facts About BMW’s History
BMW's production of automobiles began in , when the company purchased the Automobilwerk Eisenach car company from Gothaer Waggonfabrik. It was powered by a four-cylinder engine, which BMW designed based on the Austin 7 engine.
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The platform was supplemented in by the BMW , a larger luxury car with a more rigid frame. The was BMW's first four-door sedan. The BMW luxury car was produced from to The factory at Eisenach was taken over by the Soviet Awtowelo Company. The Societ Awtowelo Company continued production of the and under the Eisenacher Motorenwerk EMW brand with a red and white version of the logo until By the end of the war, the Munich plant was completely destroyed. During this ban, BMW used basic secondhand and salvaged equipment to make pots and pans, later expanding to other kitchen supplies and bicycles.
BMW 3 Series
In , BMW was still barred from producing automobiles, however, the Bristol Aeroplane Company BAC inspected the factory, and returned to Britain with plans for the model and the six-cylinder engine as official war reparations. By the end of the s BMW had returned to motorcycle manufacture but still had not restarted automobile manufacture.
Kurt Donath, technical director of BMW and general manager of the Milbertshofen factory,  advocated to produce another manufacturer's old models under licence, also purchasing the tooling to produce the cars from the other manufacturer. Grewenig believed that BMW's small production capacity was best suited to luxury cars with high profit margins, similar to the cars BMW made just before the war. There were several other shortcomings with the luxury sedan.
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The cost was approximately DM15,— about four times the average German's earnings. In , the model range received some much-needed changes, which resulted in a doubling of sales. An entry-level B model was introduced, priced at DM1, below the A. A new BMW flagship model was introduced, with a higher trim level   and the new 2. At the same time, BMW sought to offer a more affordable car. Motorcycles were BMW's largest money earner at the time, and their sales had peaked in Germans were turning away from mopeds and motorcycles toward light automobiles such as the Messerschmitt KR and the Goggomobil.
After seeing the Iso Isetta bubble car at the Geneva Motor Show,   BMW entered talks with Iso Rivolta and bought both a licence to manufacture the Isetta and all the tooling needed to manufacture its body. The Isetta chassis was lengthened to create the BMW , since BMW knew that it needed a larger four-seat family car to keep up with the rising wealth and expectations of the German people, but could not afford to develop a new model from scratch.
Released in , the could not compete against the larger, more powerful Volkswagen Beetle.
15 Cool Facts About BMW's History | Car Bibles
Production ended in after fewer than 35, were built. When the selling price was given as about twice that, and higher than the SL, he withdrew his offer. By , BMW was in debt and losing money. The dealers and small shareholders opposed this suggestion and rallied around a counter-proposal by Dr.
Friedrich Mathern, which gained enough support to stop the merger. The was available as a 2-door sedan, a coupe and a "RS" model for racing. In , the development program began for a new range of models, called the "Neue Klasse" New Class project. It was released in and was produced in sedan, coupe and cabriolet body styles. A long wheelbase sedan is also available in China.
A new body style was introduced into the 3 Series range: the 3 Series Gran Turismo , a long-wheelbase hatchback. In , a plug-in hybrid drivetrain was first used in the 3 Series, in the e model. The M3 version designated F80, the first time an M3 has used a separate model designation was released in and is powered by the S55 twin-turbo straight-6 engine.
Production ended in with the end of F31 Touring production in June.
The official images of the vehicle were revealed a day prior to its unveiling. The seventh generation of the 3 Series is also offered as a station wagon. The 3 Series has been on Car and Driver magazine's annual Ten Best list 22 times, from through , making it the longest running entry in the list. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with BMW i3. Main article: BMW M3. BMW AG. Archived from the original on 31 August Retrieved 3 October Retrieved 22 January Retrieved 6 January Retrieved 10 February Archived from the original on 2 April More about the very first BMW M5.
Increased performance for the race track. A legend becomes Art. BMW M1 Hommage. For exclusive events, competitions and insights about BMW M. BMW M Community.
Escape from East Germany cost some their lives
The BMW M5 has always stood for the sportiest that a sedan can be. We take a glimpse back in history at how the series began. Read article. Speedy works of art. The pickup for the racetrack. However, on the factory site, some other exciting models are knocking around, which no one could have ever imagined existed. M for Motorsport.
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